Bamboos are tall grassy shrubs native to tropical regions around the globe. Although bamboos grow naturally throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, South America, and parts of North America, they've become increasingly popular worldwide.
Bamboos are among the oldest living organisms known to man. Today, bamboos are grown commercially around the globe. Bamboo has been cultivated for thousands of years by Chinese farmers. Over the centuries, it's become a symbol of longevity and strength. Nowadays, bamboos are commonly found growing wild throughout Asia, Africa, Australia, South America, Europe, North America, and New Zealand.
Bamboos are tall grassy plants which grow upwards into trees. Their stems are hollow and contain air spaces called xylem cells. Xylem cells transport nutrients and moisture between leaves and roots. Bamboo grows quickly and produces shoots within three months of planting. Leaves emerge from each node and eventually form a leaf sheath. After two weeks, the leaf sheaths begin to turn yellow and fall off. Once the leaves drop, the plant enters dormancy. During dormancy, the stem continues to produce buds.
Yes! Bamboo is great for your garden. Not only does it attract butterflies and hummingbirds, it also attracts bees and birds. If you live near a forested area, you might see deer grazing on bamboo shoots. Deer eat the tender tips of young bamboo shoots before the rest of the plant develops.
Yes, you can grow bamboo indoors. But, you must ensure that the temperature inside your house stays above 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Otherwise, the bamboo will die. Additionally, you must provide adequate light during the day and darkness at night.
Yes, bamboo has tremendous value. Its uses range from building material to food source. People harvest bamboo for its wood, paper pulp, fiber, and medicinal properties. In fact, bamboo is considered to be one of the fastest growing plants on earth. It can reach heights of 100 feet or more. Moreover, bamboo is extremely versatile. It can be cut into lumber, poles, beams, posts, fences, roofing shingles, and planks.
No, bamboos don't need regular watering. Instead, they thrive in dry conditions. However, once established, bamboos need ample amounts of fertilizer.
Planting bamboo next to shrubs isn't necessary. However, it's beneficial to plant bamboo close to a pond or stream. This way, the bamboo gets plenty of fresh water.
Bamboos are fast growing tropical grasses native to Asia. Their leaves grow upwards and form clumps which makes it difficult to see individual stems. Because bamboos are so hardy, they thrive well in both dry and wet conditions. Bamboos are commonly grown indoors where they can be kept warm during winter months. Outdoor growers plant bamboos in areas with full sun exposure.
Indoor growers enjoy several benefits when growing bamboos. First, indoor growers benefit by being able to control the environment around their plants. Indoor growers can choose between natural light and artificial lighting. Natural light is preferred because it's healthier for the plants. Artificial lighting creates a brighter atmosphere which encourages faster growth rates. Second, indoor growers enjoy the ability to control humidity levels. Humidity levels affect the health of plants. If humidity levels become too low, the roots of the plants begin to rot. Third, indoor growers enjoy the ability to create a controlled climate inside their homes. This gives them greater flexibility when choosing the ideal temperature for their plants. Fourth, indoor growers enjoy the ability to reduce heating costs. Since bamboos are naturally cold tolerant, they require minimal amounts of heating. Lastly, indoor growers enjoy the ability to increase yields. Due to the fact that bamboos grow quickly, indoor growers can harvest multiple crops per season.
Outdoor growers enjoy several benefits when growing bamboos outdoors. First, outdoor growers enjoy the ability to control the weather. Depending on the location, certain seasons may experience extreme temperatures. During summertime, hot days and cool nights cause the soil to dry out. Rainfall replenishes moisture lost from evaporation. Thus, outdoor growers must plan ahead to ensure adequate rainfall occurs throughout the growing period. Second, outdoor growers enjoy the ability to control pests. Pests such as aphids feed on the foliage of bamboos. Aphid infestations can stunt the growth of plants. Insecticides can be sprayed directly onto the pest. Third, outdoor growers enjoy the ability to control weeds. Weeds compete with bamboos for nutrients and sunlight. Weed removal requires manual labor. Last, outdoor growers enjoy the ability to maximize yield potential. Bamboos produce dense clusters of shoots called culms. Culm density determines the height of the bamboo. High densities of culms give rise to tall bamboos. Taller bamboos are desirable because taller bamboos contain higher concentrations of sugar. Sugar content increases as the length of the shoot increases.
There are two main varieties of bamboos: panda and fargesia. Panda bamboos are short and squatty. Fargesias are tall and slender. Both varieties grow rapidly.
Fargesias are among the fastest growing species of bamboos. Their growth rate varies depending on the variety. Generally speaking, fargesias grow quickly and reach heights of 10 feet within three years. If grown indoors, fargesias can live for 50+ years.
There are several varieties of fargesia bamboo. Each has its own unique characteristics. Here's a brief overview of each type of fargesia bamboo.
Sunset Glow - Sunset Glow is a fast growing fargesia bamboo which grows well indoors. Its leaves turn red during winter months.
The choice depends largely upon personal preference. All four types of fargesia bamboos mentioned above are suitable for indoor gardening.
In terms of appearance, Sunset Glow and RuFa are the easiest to grow. Both varieties produce bright red foliage during summer months. During fall and spring, they turn green.
However, neither variety produces seeds. Thus, they cannot reproduce by themselves. Instead, they must be propagated via cuttings.
Growing fargesia bamboo isn't difficult. Once established, they require minimal attention. However, they do require consistent watering. Watering needs vary based on the climate where you plan to grow them.